Varicose veins are a consequence of pathological processes occurring in the venous vessels. Due to the swelling of the veins, the activity of the venous valves is disrupted. This leads to a slowdown in blood circulation, a decrease in its flow to the upper body. Blood accumulates in the limbs, increases pressure in the veins, and causes them to expand even more. Blue “stars”, nodes, seals are formed. An important role in the onset of the disease is played by hereditary insufficiency of venous valves and connective tissue.
Characteristics of the disease
A sedentary lifestyle, overweight, hormonal disorders can aggravate the disease.
Early manifestations of the disease include:
- aching leg pains;
- feeling of heaviness;
- spider veins formation.
During this period, it is necessary to take a number of measures to prevent the disease, including physical education.
Contraindications for exercising
Sports are allowed for varicose veins, but certain measures must be followed:
- preliminary consultation with the attending physician;
- supervised by an instructor;
- wearing footwear that can reduce impacts when walking, not pinching blood vessels;
- using compression garments to support the venous walls.
When varicose veins are prohibited, all static and monotonous exercises that aggravate congestion, and also increase tension in the vessels are prohibited:
- fast and long run;
- weight lifting;
- strength training sessions.
Sports training for varicose veins
Certain physical activities are allowed at different stages of the disease.
The initial stage of the disease
At the beginning of the disease, small venous nodules are visible on the limbs, the legs do not swell, do not hurt. At an early stage, fitness is useful – blood circulation improves, vascular tone increases, and the feeling of heaviness in the limbs disappears. The doctor may allow exercises on strength machines, but only those where the least load on the legs is created. It is very important to warm up, warm up your muscles, and do stretching exercises before starting classes. Prolonged intensive treadmill exercises are prohibited.
During this period, the veins on the legs are clearly visible, the ankles begin to swell, there is a feeling of heaviness. Doctors recommend swimming, pilates, yoga. Swimming is very useful, water facilitates the movement of blood through the vessels, prevents its stagnation. Strength aerobics, exercise bikes, running, jumping are contraindicated.
The venous nodes are markedly enlarged, the skin darkened. The walls of blood vessels are thinned, the risk of bleeding increases at the slightest significant load. Give preference to pool activities. Swimming in warm water has a compressive effect on the vessels, keeps them in good shape. Not only swimming is useful, but also walking in the water. Walking unhurried walks are allowed, but it is necessary to prevent fatigue of the legs, to take breaks.
Doctors recommend exercises on fitball for patients with varicose veins. The resilient large ball allows you to relieve unnecessary stress on the back and limbs. The set of exercises is selected depending on the person’s condition and the stage of the disease.
At the beginning of the disease, fitness classes will only benefit, but it is necessary to select the permitted exercises together with the doctor. At any stage of the disease, swimming, walking, and physiotherapy exercises are useful. All types of physical activity will be recommended by a phlebologist after examining the condition of your veins.